North America "Hemlock" was named for a poisonous European weed because of similar smells.
Hemlock needles are short, usually less than an inch long growing in 2 rows along each side of the branch. Dark Green in color with a definitive white streak on the underside.
Deer or Moose eat the young needles for food both in the summer and winter months. Squirrels and other small mammals collect the cones to eat.
American Indians carved hemlock into spoons, combs, roasting spits, and giant feast dishes. Hemlock bark was used to make a dye for coloring wool, baskets and cheeks and for tanning animal hides and waterproofing baskets. Hemlock pitch was widely used medicinally as an astringent.
Western hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla) may grow to 200 ft from Central California to Southeastern Alaska and be 600 to 1000 years old.